The State Castle in Litomyšl is a rare example of the modification of an Italian renaissance palace to suit the conditions of transalpine countries. According to the Italian model, the interior courtyard is surrounded on three sides by arcades and facades covered in sgraffito decorations with various motifs. It was built from the 1560s to the 1580s by Vratislav II of Pernstein as a gift for his beloved wife Maria Manrique de Lara. The Pernstein renaissance seat was later supplemented with baroque modifications in the 17th and 18th centuries by its subsequent owners, the Trauttmansdorff and Waldstein-Wartenberg families, with the participation of leading baroque artists. The interior decorations are the result of baroque and classicist modifications. The walls of the rooms have been decorated with illusive paintings in the style of Louis XVI, the ceilings include stucco decorations and the furniture and fittings represent the lifestyle of the 18th and 19th centuries. The preserved castle family theatre with a set of backdrops dating from 1797 is unique. The castle is divided into the state section, which includes the castle and the carriage room, and the municipal section with the brewery or the stables.
It is also possible to visit the family house of Bedřich Smetana there. In addition to other events, the castle has also been the venue for the regularly held Smetana’s Litomyšl music festival since 1949. The castle has been included on the UNESCO List of World Heritage since 1999.